NOTE: THIS IS A WORK IN PROGRESS
Reference Links for History Pages and Historical Disclaimer
P - 2008: The Jakarta Globe, "Setting History Straight" - According to threatened historian Asvi Warman Adam, Indonesian history is written by their military.
P - 2012: The Alliance of Independent Journalists "…probes claims 11 journalists acting as ‘spies’ for Indonesian military"
P - 2012: West Papua Media, "Indonesian Intelligence accused over ‘fake journalism"
P - 2011: ETAN - A failed online propaganda campaign by the TNI (Kopassus) to convince Papuans that the their real enemy is foreign interference from the US and other nations, and that Indonesia is actually West Papua's ally in defending against this common enemy
V - 2013: Cate Blanchett narrates the IMAX production "Journey to the South Pacific" highlighting West Papua's unsurpassed marine biodiversity and the joyful indigenous peoples who preserve it
V - 2013: "Back to the Stone Age", seven photos and an article by Anne W. Semmes in the Greenwich Citizen
P - 2012 Survival International: Indonesia declares to the UN Human Rights Council that it has no indigenous peoples!
W - Wikipedia on "New Guinea" states that one sixth of the world's languages are spoken by Papuan tribes. It also substantiates our claim that Papuans have been living on the island for at least 40,000 years, which is also substantiated by a Lonely Planet article and a joint academic report on the discovery of ancient human settlements
P - 2012: Dr. John Saltford's reflections on the New York Agreementfifty years later (TAPOL site, linked to WPAT report)
(V) Australian primetime news goes undercover to interview the leader of KNPB shortly after the last leader is assassinated. Incredible strength.
(W) The KNPB form and organize the largest rallies the country has ever seen (KNPB Updates on West Papua Media)
Need Article: re. West Papuans hand back Special Autonomy (Otsus) as a total failure, as demonstrated by these Papuans at the Indonesian embassy in the Netherlands. Great song!
1828 – The western half of Papua, West Papua, is colonized by the Dutch and given the name Netherlands New Guinea
1942 – Japanese forces invade during WWII. Papuans provide vital assistance to Allied armed forces
(V) Australian seargeant being beheaded by Japanese soldier: http://ww2db.com/image.php?image_id=7251
1959/60 – While the Dutch allow free elections and prepare West Papuans for independence, Indonesia invades with paratroopers expecting to be welcomed. They are captured within days by Papuan warriors, and delivered home by the Dutch
[GR] Papuan Flag (by Peter Woods? or plain?]
1961 – The West Papuan nation first declares its independence as a unitary state, with its own flag and national anthem. Within weeks, Indonesia invades again this time with ground troops and aerial support
P - 2011: West Papuans mark bitter-sweet 50th anniversary of Dec. 1, 1961 when they first declared independence
1963 – The UNTEA transfers administration of West Papua to the Republic of Indonesia under the New York Agreement, [popup info – John Saltford account]which requires Indonesia to guarantee the right to all adult Papuans to participate in an act of self-determination according to international practice.
In spite of the Agreement between Indonesia and the UN to guarantee West Papuans the right to free speech and freedom of assembly, raising the West Papuan flag is declared illegal and the Indonesian military crush public protest. They randomly raid and bomb villages across the nation, in a blitz that perhaps took more Papuan lives than any other time. There are virtually no reliable records
1965 – The OPM: Organisasi Papua Merdeka (Free Papua Movement) is formed as highland warriors band together and form alliances with lowland tribes nation-wide
1967 – Indonesian dictator Suharto grants extensive mining rights to what is still the largest gold and copper mining operation in the world
P - Dr. John Saltford's treatise on the UN's involvement with the act of self-determination in West Papua from 1968 to 1969, and his in-depth dissertation explaining UN involvement in the 1960s
1970s & 80s – The world’s largest and longest running government-sponsored migration program floods West Papua with settlers from the Indonesian archipelago. As a Military Operation Zone, West Papua also receives an increase in the number of Indonesian soldiers and police
1999 – In a parallel Indonesian occupation that started in 1975, the UN suddenly gives East Timor the right to hold a referendum. In spite of military-organized disappearances and bloodshed leading up to the vote, voter turnout is an inspiring 98%, overwhelmingly in favour of independence. Indonesia’s reprisals are brutal for more than a year before they relocate armed forces and jihadist militia from East Timor to West Papua
2001 – Indonesia shows fleeting signs of softening their grip and promises Special Autonomy (a promise never fulfilled as of 2013). People from all regions of West Papua gather in the capital, raise their flag, and for the second time declare themselves independent. They elect a President, who is assassinated by Indonesian special armed forces in less than a year. The convicted officers are released and promoted
2002 – Papuan civil society and religious leaders from across the country reach broad consensus and launch the Papua, Land of Peace campaign, reinforcing a long history of unified passive resistance in West Papua, mainly Christian
2004 - A massive tsunami hits Aceh, drawing world attention to Indonesia’s secret occupation and forcing them into a peace agreement with the Acehnese resistance and partial withdrawal. Armed forces from Aceh are transferred to West Papua
2007 - The Guiness Book of World Records names Indonesia the fastest forest destroyer on the planet
P - 2007: Greenpeace calls the "Paradise Forests" of Papua "the fastest logged forested area on Earth"
P - 2006: WWF states that the entire island of Papua (i.e., all of New Guinea) "has the largest remaining rainforest in the Asia-Pacific region"
2008 - The KNPB: Komite Nasional Papua Barat (West Papua National Committee) emerges as Papuan students take the lead in organizing massive prayer meetings and protests across the country, working cooperatively with peaceful elements of the OPM. Many KNPB elected representatives are assassinated in the coming years
2010 - As money from Jakarta never reaches its destination and no sign of any negotiation, Indonesia’s Special Automomy offer of 2001 is declared a sham and formally “handed back” by a consensus of Papuan civil society leaders
While police and soldiers watch, tens of thousands of West Papuans gather to defiantly display their flag, and for the third time declare themselves an independent state. They elect a President and a Prime Minister, who are immediately arrested, and given a mock trial under military supervision. The top five Papuan elected officials are currently serving jail sentences for ‘treason’
[GR] Protesters being arrested
W – 2012: United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, a damning UPR report
W - 2012:
W - 2012: ETAN's December 2012 Monthly Report with a link to past reports